The terrain of the municipality of Stara Pazova had been created by the action of tectonic movements and the mechanism of exogenous forces. All three terrain units – the loess plateaux, loess terraces and alluvial plane – have been created by the mutual action of all aforementioned geomorphologic factors. The loess plateauxare clearly separated from the alluvial plain of the Danube by a high section. It slightly decreases towards the west and turns into the loess terrace without a clearly defined boundary. The loess terrace occupies the southwestern part of the municipality. The boundary to the higher loess plateau is poorly expressed. In its southern parts, the frequent forms of the fossil flows are clogged with loess. The alluvial plain of the Danube occupies a narrow strip of the land to the east, between the riverbeds and the high loess section. The three Danube river islands belong to it as well.
In the municipality of Stara Pazova there is a moderate-continental climate with clearly distinguished seasons and a great temperature variability. The summers are warm and predominantly dry, winters are cold with snow, while spring and autumn have a warmer weather with large amounts of precipitation. The coldest month with the lowest temperatures is January, with an average temperature of -1 ° C. The hottest month of the year is July, with an average temperature of 21.6 ° C.